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(MIAMI) CBS4 – Jean Claude Duvalier, the deposed former strongman of Haiti who has been living in exile for 2 decades, returned to his homeland without notice Sunday, drawing cheers from supporters and surprise from government officials. The reason for “Baby Doc”‘s returning is not clear, but in the past he had offered his services to help resolve Haiti’s problems.

The Reuters news service reported Sunday that Duvalier was met at the airport in Port-Au-Prince by enthusiastic supporters. CBS4 news partner The Miami Herald said about 2 thousand people gathered to see the former dictator.  Duvalier, who has been living in exile in France, arrived on an Air France flight at 5:50 local time Sunday night. He wore a dark suit and blue tie, and was accompanied by his wife. He was taken into an immigration office before passing through customs.

“I’m waiting for instructions from the prosecutor,” Mario Andresol, Haiti’s police chief, told The Miami Herald outside the airport.

About  two hours after the plane landed, Duvaliar, looking frail, left the airport in the back seat of an SUV, the Herald reported. The crowd cheered. Among those meeting him were members of his former government, according to the French language website “Haiti en Marche”.

Gunshots and pepper spray were used by the national police in an attempt to keep reporters away from the airport. Tanks from the United Nations peacekeeping force were sent in to help keep order,

CNN Reports that The United Nations restricted the movement of its staff in Port-au-Prince until further notice, or until the impact of Duvalier’s arrival becomes clear, said Patrick Hanson, a security officer for the United Nations in Haiti.

“(Duvalier) is happy to be back in this country, back in his home,” said Mona Beruaveau, a candidate for Senate in a Duvalierist party who spoke to the former dictator inside the immigration office. “He is tired after a long trip.”

Beruaveau said he would give a news conference on Monday.

Word spread quickly through the streets of Miami’s Little Haiti, whom to thousands who fled the repressive regime of the Duvaliers. CBS4’s Tiffani Helberg said people are wondering why there was no advance word from the government of France, which had allowed Duvalier to live in their country in exile, or from the government of the United States, which most people who spoke believed would have had to grant permission, or at least tacit consent, for Duvalier’s return.

There was also great concern about why Duvalier had returned at a time of great turmoil for Haiti’s citizens.

“This news fell on us like a brick,” said Marliene Bastiene, a Haitian-American activist for former candidate for Congress. “Duvalier was in haiti. we are all in shock just when we thought it could never get worse in Haiti, it has gotten worse.”

“We know that there is no way that Duvalier could get to Haiti without the approval of the French government and the US government,” she said. “The question that we’ve been asking since 5 o’clock is why Haiti, why now?

In Haiti, in the refugee camps where tens of thousands live following the Haitian earthquake one year ago. people were uncertain what to think.
“I don’t know much about Jean-Claude Duvalier but I’ve heard he did good things for the country,” said 34-year-old Joel Pierre. “I hope he will do good things again.”

Nearby, 42-year-old Marline Joseph, living in the camp with her three kids, was also somewhat hopeful. “He’s here, that’s good. Now, what is he going to do for the country.”

Haitians danced in the streets in both Port-Au-Prince and in Little Haiti to celebrate the overthrow of Duvalier back in 1986, heckling the tubby, boyish tyrant as he was driven to the airport in a black limousine and flown into exile in France. Most Haitians hoped  “Baby Doc” had left for good, closing a dark chapter of terror and repression that began under his late father, Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier.
But a handful of loyalists have been campaigning to bring Duvalier home from exile in France, launching a foundation to improve the dictatorship’s image and reviving Baby Doc’s political party in the hopes that one day he can return to power democratically.

“We want him to be president because we don’t trust anyone in this election. He did bad things but since he left we have not had stability. We have more people without jobs, without homes,” said Haiti Belizaire, a 47-year-old Duvalier supporter in the crowd outside the airport.

Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive said that if Duvalier is involved in any political activities he is not aware of them.

“He is a Haitian and, as such, is free to return home,” the prime minister said in an email to The Associated Press. Asked if Duvalier’s presence could destablize the country, he said “Until now, there’s no reason to believe that.”

Duvalier has been living in Paris, but in an exclusive 2002 interview with  CBS4 Chief investigative reporter Michelle Gillen, he made it clear he wanted to return to Haiti.

”This is my country. . . . I’m ready to put myself at the disposal of the Haitian people,” he told Gillen, who also interviewed him in December 2002. “I think I’m getting close and that I will soon have the opportunity to go back to my country,” he said in that interview.

See a timeline of Duvalier in Haiti

See the 2002 Michele Gillen interview:

Duvalier had gone so far as to request a diplomatic passport to facilitate his return in 2004, but it’s not known if the Haitian government took action on the request. However, it was reported Sunday Duvalier arrived using some type of diplomatic passport.

In the fall of 2007, President Rene Preval told reporters that Duvalier could return to Haiti but would face justice for the deaths of thousands of people and the theft of millions of dollars.
In France, the deputy spokeswoman for the Foreign Ministry said she had seen news of Duvalier’s arrival in Haiti, but had “no information” about the matter and could not confirm that he’d left France. The spokeswoman did not give her name, in accordance with ministry policy.

Duvalier’s return Sunday comes as the country struggles to work through a dire political crisis following the problematic Nov. 28 first-round presidential election.

Three candidates want to go onto a second round. The Organization of American States sent in a team of experts to resolve the deadlock, recommending that Preval’s candidate be excluded. Preval was reportedly not pleased with the report. OAS Secretary-General Jose Miguel Insulza was scheduled to be in Port-au-Prince to meet with Preval on Monday.

Comments (7)
  1. Kerry Clark says:

    Have we forgotten he was a main piece in the down fall of haiti

  2. tired says:

    If the Hatian people do not prosecute and excute this man for the crimes he and his family have perpetrated against the people of Haiti; then there is no hope for Haiti as a people or a country!

  3. tired says:

    How much is it going to cost the American taxpayers to get him out of Haiti the next time he is exiled?

  4. Stanley Lucas says:

    Duvalier Returns to Haiti; Merely a Pawn in the Political Chaos by Stanley Lucas

    Former Haitian dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier, better remembered as “Baby Doc”, landed today after 24 years in exile in France. Duvalier reigned over Haiti in a 14-year dictatorship that ended when he left on February 7, 1986. The Haitian General Accounting Office estimates that he left the country with about $600 million in stolen funds. Duvalier has maintained a small base of support in Haiti and some people nostalgically remember that time as being politically stable in spite of the oppression.

    Duvalier’s return is being called a “surprise”, but it could not have happened without international diplomatic support and Preval’s approval. News coverage of Duvalier’s return has called the move “inexplicable”, but many Haitians are speculating about three likely scenarios:

    1. Preval is using Duvalier’s return to create political confusion and a distraction for the international community. Preval received the OAS’s report of recommendations on how to resolve the fraudulent elections last Thursday. On Monday, the OAS Secretary General will visit Haiti to get Preval’s official response to the report findings.

    The report recommends a run off elections between the top two candidates: Martelly and Manigat. International officials have stated that the report “makes sense” and the methodology is “flawless” and the credentials of the report team are “impeccable”. Haitians are questioning what methodology would actually account for the thousands of ballots littering the streets, uncounted after the elections. Apparently the recount process was carried out by using a small percentage of the tally sheets from the voting precincts. It was widely reported and observed that tally sheets were manipulated before they even arrived at the tabulation center.

    In this scenario, Duvalier’s return creates an enormous distraction, serious confusion and has the added benefit of rallying his base against Duvalier. Essentially, Duvalier is a pawn in Preval’s transparent and desperate attempts to maintain power.

    2. People believe that Dr. Paul Farmer, head of Partners in Health and Mr. Clinton’s deputy UN special envoy to Haiti, is behind Duvalier’s return. Farmer is an ardent Aristide supporter and Duvalier’s return opens a window for Aristide’s return. If Duvalier can return, why not Aristide? Aristide has an equally despotic track record in Haiti stealing elections, trafficking drugs and overseeing political persecution, violence and murder. The Haitian General Accounting Office estimates that he left Haiti with more than $350 million in stolen funds.

    3. Duvalier’s return creates a level of political chaos that will be impossible to resolve without foreign political occupation – and someone, somewhere benefits from that.

    Whoever is pulling the strings (Preval or Farmer), it is clear that they do not want to see a run-off between Martelly and Manigat and the annulment of the legislative elections. Duvalier is a pawn and a distraction. And, no matter who is using Duvalier as a pawn, it is certain that he will either be jailed or executed. Whoever is using Duvalier knows these are the only two options for him. One conclusion is that the people behind this want to maintain the status quo of corruption.

    Ultimately whether or not the underlying motive is reconstruction contracts that are in play or there are some newly discovered resources (as is widely speculated) that some are trying to put their hands on, Haitian reformers in Haiti and the Diaspora need to come together via an emergency political summit to put an end to this madness. For all of us, a foreign occupation will never be an option and the political instability must end. We need to focus on rebuilding the country. Now.

  5. Doles Pierre says:

    As a Haitian, I wanted to read what the guy above (Stanley Lucas) had to say, thus I read the entire text. My question is how could you be taken seriously if your only scenarios involved Aristide and Preval (lavalas people) but no one from the other side? Perhaps there’s some truth to what you said about Preval (it is my suspicion as well). But to pretend that only this side is bad is typical Haitian. For someone who’s not Haitian you might even sound credible. However for someone such as myself who is somewhat informed perhaps this shouldn’t be too surprising. Yeah, I’m sure you’re one of those who would say that Aristide is no longer popular in Haiti, huh? Look, I’m sure you know more about Aristide than me. I couldn’t care less about who’s leading the country as long as the population’s interest is represented. I know you’re not going to change because you belong to the clip you belong to… but to someone who might be interested I have to say this guy does not speak for the majority of Haitians.

  6. Richie says:

    The bottom line to all this is I some time to not believe the world we live in. This
    man is the worst of the worst and he is back in the country that he killed his own and took all that money. Maybe it was all a lie and he is a good man.

  7. Lynsu52 says:

    I was a young woman of about 30 years old, when I sat with my grandmother and watched the evening news. We are not Hatian, but we were brought to tears as we watched “Baby Doc” and his wife Michele load tons Luis Vuitton luggage into limosines, Michele was elegantly dressed, as she wanted to look good for the cameras. They also left with all the money, leaving their people in abject poverty and pain. As a child I remeber the horror stories of the brutal and ruthless regime of his father, “Popa Doc”. I guess the apple does not fall far from the tree.

    By now, the Duvalier money must be slim and none; since the hurricanes and earthquakes, and billions of relief dollars, they have thought of a possible way of upgrading Michele’s …I cannot think of any other reason for their return. Second chances are not advised. Amen

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